تاریخ سبی

تاریخ سبی


سبی پاکستان کے صوبہ بلوچستان میں ضلع ہے۔ ضلع کی دو تحصیلیں سبی اور ہرنائی ہیں۔ جو مزید سب تحصیلوں پر منظم ہیں۔ سبی ایک تاریخی شہر ہے۔اس شہرکی بہت سی خصوصیات ہیں۔ابتدائی تاریخ کےمطابق سبی کا پرانا نام سیوی تھا جوکہ ہندوریاست کی ملکہ تھیں۔ محمد بن قاسم کی فتح سندھ 711 عیسوی کے بعد راجہ داہر کوشکست ہوی اور یوں اسلام کی ترویج کا سلسلہ شروع ہوا 
سلطان محمود غزنوی نے 978 عیسوی کو سبی اور اس کے قریبی علاقوں کو غزنوی ریاست;میں شامل کیا۔
شجاع الدین ذولنون ارغون نے 1488 میں شال اور سبی میں حکمرانی کی تھی۔ آئین اکبری کے مطابق سیوی قلعہ ان کے زیر اثر تھا اور ذوالنون ارغون کے بیٹے شاہ بیگ ارغون نے شال اور سبی کو بڑی جدوجہد کے بعد جام نظام الدین سے دوبارہ حاصل کیا اور سیوی قلعہ کی 1511 میں دوبارہ تعمیر کی اور مرزاعیسی ترخان کو گورنر مقرر کیا تھا


سیوی قلعہ
سیوی قلعہ


ارغون حکومت کی کمزوری پر پنی افغان قبائل نے طاقت حاصل کی تھی۔
سید ابوالفضل نے سبی پر تسلط قائم کرنے کے لیے مہمات روانا کیں پنی قبائل کی سخت مزاحمت کے بعد سیوی قلعہ پر قبضہ ہوا۔ اور ان کے انخلا کے بعد پنی قبائل نے دوبارہ ضلع اور قلعہ کا کنٹرول سنبھال لیا ۔ معروف تاریخ دان میرمعصوم شاہ بخاری کی نگرانی میں 1595 تیسری مہمات کی گیں۔
اکبر بادشاہ کے وقت میں سبی اور ملحقہ علاقے مغل سلطنت کا حصہ تھے اور باقاعدگی سے واجبات ادا کرتے تھے
مغل سلطنت کے بادشاہ اورنگ زیب عالمگیر کے بھائی داراشکواہ نے بغاوت میں ناکامی پر فرار ہونے کی کوشیش کی اور سبی کے قریب علاقہ ڈھاڈر سے گرفتار ہوے اور اس وقت جنید خان پنی باروزئی نے ان کی گرفتاری میں اہم کردار ادا کیا تھا ۔ اورنگ زیب عالمگیر نے ان کے بیٹے مرزا خان باروزئی کو 1695 میں نواب کا خطاب دیا اور بالائی سندھ کا منتظم مقرر کیا ۔ اس کے بعد نواب بختیارخان باروزئی کو 1700 میں نظام افواج نے قتل کر دیا۔
سندھ کے یار محمد کلوڑا نے 1712 میں سبی اور مظافات میں حکمرانی قائم کی لیکن جلد ہی احمد شاہ درانی کی بڑھتی ہوئی طاقت نے ان کو واپس جانے پر مجبور کر دیا۔
درانی سلطنت میں مقامی حکمرانی باروزئی قبائل کو دی گی ۔ احمد شاہ ابدالی نے محمد خان باروزئی کو سبی کا اور اسماعیل خان باروزئی کو سانگان کا منتظم مقرر کیا
انگریز اور خجک قبائل کی جنگ 1841
انگریزوں کی آمد کا سلسلہ شروع ہو اور مارچ 1841 کو سبی کے خجک قبائل نے انگریزوں کو مالیہ دینے سے انکار کر دیا . کرنل ولسن کی سربراہی میں خجک دیہات پر حملے کے لیے قافلہ روانا کیا اور اس وقت کے باروزئی سربراہ نے ان کی حمایت کی تھی۔ خجک قبائل قلعہ میں رہ کر جنگ لڑتے رہےاس جنگ میں انگریزوں کو بھاری جانی نقصان ہوا
کرنل ویلسن سمیت4 آفیسر اور 55 افراد قتل ہوے اور خجک قوم کے 90 افراد کی شہادت ہوئی


انگریز اور خجک قبائل کی جنگ 1841
انگریز اور خجک قبائل کی جنگ 1841 


انگریزوں نے باقاٰعدہ ایک پولیٹیکل ایجنٹ سبی مقرر کیا اور عمارات تعمیر کیں اور سبی شہر آباد کیا ۔سبی میں موسم سرما میں جرگہ 1875 سے شروع کیا اس میں مختلف کیسوں کے فیصلے مقامی نمائندوں کی موجودگی میں ہوتے تھے - سبی سب ڈویژن کے شاہی جرگہ کے نمائندے 1.۔خان بہادر سردار مصطفی خان باروزئی (کڑک)2-سردار تاج محمد باروئی (سانگان) 3۔ خان بہادر دین محمد مرغزانی(سبی) تھے۔


جرگہ ہال سبی
جرگہ ہال سبی

سبی میلہ کا آغاز فروری 1885 سے ہوا اس میلے کا مقصد جانوروں کی پیداوار میں اضافہ اور اس کو مالداروں کے لیے
ایک منڈی بنانا تھا ۔ مالداروں کوانعامات دئیے گے۔ انتطامی رپورٹ آف بلوچستان ایجنیسی 1887-1886میں تفصیلات درج ہیں۔


sibi mela
 سرکاری دستاویزات کے مطابق سبی میلہ کا آغاز 1885 سے ہوا تھا.

سبی شہر میں تعلمی ادارے اوراسپتال قائم کیے گے۔ سبی سےہرنائی اور کوئیٹہ کے لیے ریلوے لائن بچھائی گیں ۔

تاریخ کا حوالہ درج ذیل کتابوں سے لیا گیا ہے۔

1۔ایمپیریل گزیٹیر آف انڈیا مصنف سیکریٹری اسٹیٹ آف انڈیا
2۔سبی ڈسٹرکٹ گزیٹیر مصنف میجر میکانگی۔
3- ارغون نامہ مصنف سید میر محمد بن سید جلال تتوی
4- تاریخ معصومی مصنف معصوم شاہ بخاری
5-تھل چوٹیالی رپورٹ مصنف او-ٹی-ڈیوکس
6-افغان آف فرنٹیر پاس مصنف عبدالعزیز لونی
7-تاریخ بلوچستان مصنف گل خان نصیر
8۔ایڈمین اسٹریشن رپورٹس مصنف پولیٹکل ایجنٹس
9۔برٹش ٹروپس آپریشن ان سندھ اینڈ افغانستان



Books

Sibi District Gazetteer 1907

Sibi District Gazetteer 1907

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Tarkhan Nama 

Tarkhan nama
Tarkhan Nama 

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Administration Report of Baluchistan agency 1886-87


Administration Report of Baluchistan agency 1886-87
Administration Report of Baluchistan agency 1886-87 .

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The Forward Policy and its Results.


The Forward Policy and its Results.
The Forward Policy and its results. 

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The Imperial Gazetteer of India

The Imperial Gazetteer of India

The Imperial Gazetteer of India

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Thal Chotiali and Harnai

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B07E-ecavs5RdzYxUEM2S29zSFE/view?usp=sharing


Gulu Shahar

Gulu shahar

Gulu shahar

The Sibi is adjacent to the River of Nari which flows from the North adjacently to the East of the city. Bounded bt the villages of Luni, Gullu Shahr, kurak, Khajjak, Talli, Marghazani, safi, dehpal and Bakhra Ghulam Bolak. The Sibi city also have a small Airport situated in the vicinity of the city.
Sibi geography
Sibi Geography

The Gulu Shahar belongs to the Noudhanis .The population of village in 1901 was 773 people.

Population of Gulu shahar of sibi
Population of Gulu shahar of sibi 


Panni tribes of Sibi District
Panni tribes of Sibi District.
Gullu shahar
Agriculture Farm Gulu Shahar
Gulu Shaher 

History of Sibi
History of Sibi

Gulu Shahar
Gulu Shahar

gullu shahar
Gullu Shahar

Gullu Shahar

Sibi Mela

Sibi Mela

Sibi Mela

The first of these fairs was held in January 1885, when a sum of Rs. 2,000 contributed from local funds in the Agency, was disbursed in prizes. This fair was an experiment intended to open out the large market for horses afforded by Baluchistan. It was attended by Mr. Crainger, then officiating as Superintendent of Horse-breeding operations in Bombay and pronounced by him to be a great success.
The second fair was held in February 1886 and to the expenses of this fair the Sibi and Quetta Municipalities contributed respectively RS. 2,000 and Rs. 700.
Five hundred and ninety-four horses competed for prizes in the various classes and the total  amount disbursed on this account was Rs. 1,465. Sixty seven remounts were purchased  for military purposes.

Reference : Administrative Report of Balochistan agency 1886-87





Sibi Horse Fair
Sibi Horse Fair
Sibi mela 2017
Sibi Mela 2017

Sibi mela 1974
Sibi mela 1974

Sibi Mela
Sibi mela

Bhag nari Bull
Bhag nari Bull


Sibi Mela inauguration Governor Balochistan Muhammad khan Achakzai and nawab Ghous Bakhash Barozai
Sibi Mela inauguration Governor Balochistan Muhammad khan Achakzai and nawab Ghous Bakhash Barozai

Sibi mela 1902
Sibi mela 1902

Sibi Horse and cattle Fair
Sibi Horse and cattle Fair

Sibi mela
Sibi mela
Tent packing
Tent packing

History of Barozais.

History of Barozai

History of Barozais

The history of the Barozais dates from about 1470 when Baro Khan, the founder of the Barozais, ingratiated himself with the Mizri who were then in possession of Dhadar and married the daughter of the chief. On the decay of the Arghun rule, the Pannis increased in power and importance, and about 1570 -1575 are found as being in possession of the Sibi fort and district. Three expeditions were undertaken by the Mughals against them. In 1595, the fort of Siwi, finally fell to the imperialists, led by Mir Masum, the soldier and the historian. The tribe is spoken of as having fought bravely and it seems to have retained its importance, as in 1695 its dependencies were held by one Mirza Khan, a Baruzai, who had received the title of Nawab from the ruler of Delhi and also administered the affairs of Upper Sind.
During the time of Mirza Khan Barozai, the Afghan Chief of Sibi (1666-1699 AD) eighteen battles were fought between the Panni Confederacy and the Brahuis of Kalat in the neighborhood of Sibi or Dhadar . In sixteen battles with the Barozai Ruler of Siwi, Mir Ahmad Brahui  was defeated in each encounter with their forces. A seventeenth engagement took place at a spot called Pir Lehkan in which neither party obtained a decisive result. But Mir Ahmad himself, and his Minister, Akhund Mohammad Saleh, were both wounded and Mir Shawaz and Mir Ibrahim, the latter an ancestor of the  Naushirwani Sardar Mir Azad Khan, lost their lives. The Brahuis left the battlefield; the Afghans collected the booty, consisting of silken belts and horses of Turki and Tazi breed. Mir Ahmad Qambrani's sister named Bibo gallantly attacked the Pannis. Attired in male garments she fought valiantly and got killed at the hand of Jalal Khan Kurak. Soon the Brahuis avenged themselves on the Pannis and defeated Rahim Khan Pirang who led the Pannis in the absence of Mirza Khan Barozai. In 1695 AD, peace prevailed between the two tribes, which was sealed by a happy marriage of Princes Mahnaz the daughter of Mir Ahmad Qambrani with Said Khan Barozai Panni, the brother of Mirza Khan Barozai.
Mirza Khan was succeeded by his son Bakhtiar Khan Barozai who rose in revolt against the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb Alamgir in January, 1702 A.D. He successfully fought for the freedom of Siwi or Sibi, but later fell a prey to a strong Mughal force led by the Subedar of Multan, Muizuddin. His successor Ismail Khan  is locally credited with having built the town of Dera Ismail Khan ; he was succeeded by Isa Khan, who was followed by Ismail Khan II who accompanied Nadir Shah to Delhi and later on built the fort at Sangan.
The Baruzais of Sibi appear to have become separated from the Sangan branch at this period, and during the reign of Ahmad Shah, Durrani, Muhammad Khan, who had gone to Kabul to complain of Ismail Khan, was granted a warrant dated 1759 in which Ahmad Shah entrusted the Government of the Sibi District and the Barkhan, Khethran and Hasni dependencies jointly to both claimants.
Muhammad Khan was killed by the Khajjaks, a branch of the Panni tribe who had greatly increased in strength and importance, and his successor Habib Khan, who was also ultimately slain by the Khajaks, was obliged to abandon Sibi and retire to Kurk. The Khajjaks had now become the most powerful section, and their importance is shown by the common Sibi proverb which says that, "though the Kakars may conquer in the hills, the Khajaks lord it in the plains."
At the out- break of the Afghan war in 1839, the nominal chief of the tribe was Shakar Khan, but the real power was in the hands of Misri Khan, who tendered his services to Shah Shuja and was taken into British pay. In 184 1, as already described in the section on History, the town of Khajak was occupied by British troops and dismantled. The power of the Khajaks was thus weakened, and shortly afterwards the Marris acquired a footing in the Sibi District. They dis- possessed the Pannis of Badra and Quat-Mandai and over- ran Sangan. Shakar Khan was succeeded by his son Doda Khan, but he was a weak chief and after Misri Khan's death the management of the tribe passed successively into the hands of Bakhtiar Khan and Sher Zaman Khan, the latter of whom was killed while endeavouring to stop a fight between the Brahuis and the Marghazani section of the Pannis. After Doda Khan's death the chieftainship of the tribe devolved on his eldest son Muhammad Khan after being unsuccessfully claimed by Sarbuland Khan, the son of Misri Khan.

According to Tarikhi Sindh of Ghulam Rasool Mehr, the Dhahdar area was in possession of Barozais, with Malik Kala khan Barozai listed as owner of land thereof , upto the times of Mian Nur Muhammad Kalhora (1719-1753 A.D). Graves of Panni notables such as Junaid Khan Barozai , Mirza Khan Barozai, and well known Mullah Misri Afghan are present in Dhadar. The town of Dhadar formed the first capital of the Panni tribe of Afghans on their arrivals in the plains. It was also the place where Dara Shikoh, the Mughal prince, visited Juanid khan, the first Barozai chief and in the vicinity of which many of the famous Baruhi Afghan battles were fought towards the end of seventeenth century A.D.
In 1901, the number of Pannis in the district was 3,656 : males 1,871,females 1,785. They are divided into nine- teen sections : Abdulla Khel, Ali Khel, Bjighun, Baruzai, Davi, Dehpjil, Janti, Khajak, Kurk, Laun, Luni, Marghazani, Mizri, Musa Khel, Naudhjini, Pirani, SAfi, Sodi and Usmani.
Daud Khan Panni

Daud Khan Panni was a Mughal commander, Nawab of the Carnatic and later Viceroy of Deccan.In 1703, Daud Khan was appointed as the Nawab of the Carnatic. Before he was made Nawab, the Emperor Aurangazeb appointed him as a leading commander of the Mughal Army in 1701.

The Ahmad shah Abdali issued sanads to Ismail khan Panni Barozai of Sangan and Muhammad khan Panni Barozai of Sibi.
Ahmad shah Abdali's letters

provincial members

sibi jirgha members

Sources

1.Sibi district; text. Compiled by A. McConaghey"
2 The Tribal Baluchistan by Syed Abdul Quddus
3 Afghans of the frontier passes: a study in the historical geography of Sibi and Dhader in the Balochistan province of Pakistan, Volume 1
The Ain I Akbari - Volume 3
Notes on Afghanistan and Baluchistan by Henry George Raverty

Khajjak of Sibi district.

Khajjak of sibi district

Khajjaks of Sibi district.


The Khajjaks, were initially located at Mekhtar; which is nowadays in the possession of Kakars. In the latter half of 17th century Kakars defeated them in a feud, which resulted into their migration to Sibi. Sibi was then ruled by Junaid Khan, son of Baru Khan, the Progenitor of Baruzai. According to Abdul Aziz Luni, author of "Afghans of the frontier passes", the Khajjaks recovered a herd of Camels from the Baloch raiders that belonged to Junaid Khan . The latter, in recognition of their services gave them the land and water. Captain N.Hart writes that Khajjaks were granted one cubit's breadth of water of Nari river for irrigation. When Khajjaks increased in numbers and power, they obtained increase in share of water from Nawab Mirza Khan, son of Junaid Khan Barozai.



Pen-and-ink drawing of Sibi at the end of the Bolan Pass by George Boyd (1800-1850) dated between 1821 and 1844
It is during Taimoor Shah's period that Khajjaks gained a popular saying in the local populace that 'though the Kakars may conquer in the hills, the Khajjak lord it in the plains' . They started harassing their own Afghan kinsmen. The Marghzanis were their first victims. The Barozai rulers antagonized them by frequent complaints to the Afghan Kings of Afghanistan. But Khajjaks succeeded in in establishing direct relationship with the Afghan King and got political recognition as well as grant of land and water in Khajjak's revenue circle. The in-fight helped the Balochs to encroach upon Panni lands and later drove them out of some of the important tracts. Khajjaks never defended other Panni clans from the raids and forays of their Baloch neighbours. The Pannis, harassed by Balochs, migrated to village Kurak and the Khajjaks occupied the lands thus vacated. Subsequently, they started harrying the Baruzai. They helped the Marris in double squeeze of the Panni clans in Sibi tract. The elders of the area refer to this period of Sibi as 'Highhandedness of Marris and Khajjaks' [3].
Mc Gregor writes, "Though agriculture is their chief employment and though they are peacefully inclined they are said to have a high character for bravery." [4]. The power of Khajjaks was crushed by the British army in March 1841 so that they left the plains of Sibi and Sangan defenseless against the Marri inroads. In 1872, the Khajjaks openly refused to accept the writ of Amir Sher Ali Khan of Afghanistan who didnt give them any protection against the Marris and stopped the payment of revenues to Amir. The Amir sent a force that too the chief of Khajjaks along with his son, as a hostage to Kandahar for payment of revenue due from Khajjaks.

Anglo-Khajjak battle 1841

In 1839, Misri Khan Barozai, the head of the Panni tribe, tendered his services to Shah Shuja and was taken into British service with a number of his followers, who were styled incorrectly the " Baloch Levy." In March 1841, Mr. Ross Bell, the Political Agent in Upper Sind, deputed one of his assistants with a detachment of troops, under the command of Colonel Wilson of the Bombay Cavalry, to collect the arrears of revenue due from the Khajjaks of Sibi on behalf of Shah Shuja. The detachment was accompanied by Misri Khan, and on the Khajjaks refusing to comply with the demands, attacked the town, but were repulsed with heavy loss, losing fifty- three men killed and wounded and four officers including Colonel Wilson. Reinforcements from Bhag were sent up under General Brooks, but before they could arrive the Khajjaks abandoned their town,the defenses of which were then demolished. The power of the Khajjaks was thus weakened, and shortly afterwards the Marris acquired a footing in the Sibi District. They dispossessed the Pannis of Badra and Quat-Mandai and over-ran Sangan.
Khajjak Fort
Khajjak Fort

Notes and References

  1. A.Aziz Luni, "Afghans of the frontier passes", Vol-I, p-108
  2. There is also a saying, "Balochan-i-Marri bar koh minazand, wa mardumi Khajjak dar maidani goi shujaat mi rubayand" Translated from Persian in English language the- proverb will read as follows - "Marri Baloch are proud of their mountains whereas Khajjaks are proud of their bravery in the plain area.
  3. Haroon Rashid, "History of the Pathans", Vol-III, p-99
  4. Mc Gregor, "North-West Frontier Province", Vol-II, p-940
  5. Baluchistan District Gazetteer Series: Sibi district, compiled by Major.A. McConaghey, p-26

The district Sibi petriotic song.



The district Sibi petriotic song.

تاریخ سبی

تاریخ سبی سبی پاکستان کے صوبہ بلوچستان میں ضلع ہے۔ ضلع کی دو تحصیلیں سبی اور ہرنائی ہیں۔ جو مزید سب تحصیلوں پر منظم ہیں۔ سبی ایک تار...